By: Iftikhar Gilani |
India is not the only country that granted a degree of autonomy to its only Muslim-majority region, Jammu and Kashmir.
Autonomy measures were incorporated in the country’s constitution half a century ago, as a concession to the leaders of the Muslim-majority region, who in 1947 opted to accede to Hindu-majority India, instead of Muslim-majority Pakistan, when both countries gained independence.
On Aug. 5, India stripped the region of its autonomy, which was meant to preserve its unique demography and cultural identity.
Anadolu Agency compiled a list of 121 regions that enjoy varying degrees of autonomy granted them by 40 countries, in order to help preserve their ethnic and cultural distinctiveness.
Russia tops the list with 26 regions granted self-rule, followed by the U.K. and France with 11 regions. China and Italy have seven such regions apiece.
Hong Kong, Macau, Guangxi, Inner Mongolia, Ningxia, Xinjiang, Tibet
5. New Zealand
Cook Islands, Niue, Tokelau
Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten
Heligoland, Busingen am Hochrhein
8. Antigua and Barbuda
Torres Strait Islands
Faroe Islands, Greenland
New Caledonia, Saint Martin, Saint Barthelemy, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, Wallis and Futuna, French Polynesia. Mayotte, French Guiana, Martinique, Corsica, Alsace
Abkhazia, Adjara, South Ossetia
Yogyakarta, Aceh, Papua, West Papua
Kurdish Regional Government
Campione d’Italia, Aosta Valley, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Sardinia, Sicily, Trentino-Alto Adige/Sudtirol, South Tyrol, Trentino
Danu Self-Administered Zone, Kokang Self-Administered Zone, Naga Self-Administered Zone, Pa Laung Self-Administered Zone Pa-O Self-Administered Zone, Wa Self-Administered Division
Atlantico Norte, Atlantico Sur
Embera-Wounaan, Kuna de Madugani, Kuna de Wargandi, Kuna Yala, Ngobe-Bugle
25. Papua New Guinea
Bangsamoro Autonomous Region
Adygea, Altai Republic, Bashkortostan, Buryatia, Chechnya, Chuvashia, Republic of Crimea Dagestan, Ingushetia, Kabardino-Balkaria, Kalmykia, Karachay-Cherkessia, Karelia, Khakassia, Komi, Mari El, Mordovia, North Ossetia-Alania, Sakha Republic, Tatarstan, Tuva, Udmurtia, Jewish Autonomous Oblast, Chukotka, Khanty-Mansi, Nenets, Yamalo-Nenets
29. Saint Kitts and Nevis
30. Sao Tome and Príncipe
Autonomous Region of Príncipe
33. South Korea
36. Trinidad and Tobago
37. United Kingdom
Northern Ireland, Guernsey, Isle of Man, Jersey, Falkland Islands, Gibraltar, Bermuda, Cayman Islands, British Virgin Islands, Montserrat, Anguilla
40. United States
Puerto Rico, Northern Mariana Islands